Essential Info for Poland

Population: Over 38 million

Capital city: Warsaw

Neighbouring countries:  Poland is bordered by seven other countries – Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east and Lithuania and the Russias enclave of Kaliningrad Oblast to the northeast. 

Geography: Situated in central Europe, Poland is a relatively low-lying country with access to the Baltic Sea along its northern border. Otherwise, Poland is mostly flat and interspersed with forests, low hills and lakes, with no natural borders, except for mountains on its southern borders. 

Political system: Parliamentary republic

Main languages: Polish (official)

Major religions: Catholicism is the dominant religion with over 80 percent of the population practising the religion.

Money: The Polish Złoty (PLN), divided into 100 groszy (singular: grosz). ATMs are widely available in the country's urban areas and credit cards are accepted at the majority of establishments. 

Time: GMT +1 (GMT +2 from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October)

Electricity: 230 volts, 50 Hz. 'Type-E' rounded two-pin plugs, with a rounded female contact are used.

Internet domain: .pl

International dialling code: +48. City/area codes are in use, e.g. (0)22 for Warsaw and (0)12 for Krakow.

Emergency numbers: 112, the general European emergency number, is most commonly used in Poland. Individual emergency services can be contacted on the following numbers:  997 (police), 998 (fire), and 999 (ambulance).

Transport and Driving: Cars drive on the right-hand side of the road in Poland. Public transport infrastructure is very good and it is possible to reach most locations by bus or train. Low-cost flights also connect Polish cities to the rest of Europe.  A car is only really necessary to reach more remote areas of the countryside.

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